Thursday, 1 January 1970

Chapter five (Dialogue between Devi and the Emissary)

Om prostrations to Chandika.

Om. The seer of this concluding Charitra is Shiva, deity is Mahasarasvati, meter is Anushtup, Shakti is Bhima, Bija is Bhramari, Tatva is Surya, form is of Sama Veda, for the appeasement of Mahasarasvati, recital of concluding Charitra is a must.

She who holds bell, trident, plough-share, conch-shell, club, discus, bow and arrow in Her eight hands; who is beautiful, illustrious like full-moon amidst clouds, who slew Daityas like Sumbha etc. and is an Avatar of Parvati, Mother of the three worlds and  incomparable, now I meditate upon that Mahasarasvati.  

Om. She who is seated on a lion, whose crest is adorned by a crescent-moon, illustrious like Marakat gem, holding a conch-shell, discus, bow and arrow in Her four hands, adorned with a third-eye, who wears a crown, necklace, bracelets, a moon-necklace producing tinkling sounds, anklets and gem-studded earrings; may that Jagadhatri Durga vanquish our sufferings.

Om prostrations to Chandika

The sage said: 1

In the year of yore Indra’s (sovereignty) over the three worlds and his shares of Yajna were taken away by Asuras, Sumbha and Nisumbha, by force of their pride and strength. 2

The two, themselves, took over likewise, the duties of the sun, the moon, Kubera, Yama, and Varuna. 3

They themselves exercised Vayu’s authority and Agni’s duty. Deprived of their lordships and sovereignties, the Devas were defeated. 4

Deprived of their functions and deposed by these two great Asuras, all the Devas thought of the Aparajita Devi. 5

“She had granted us the boon, ‘Whenever in calamities you remember me, that very moment I will put an end to all your worst calamities.’” 6

Resolving thus, the Devas went to Himalayas, lord of the mountains, and there extolled Devi, who is the all-pervading Maya. 7
The Devas said: 8

“Salutation to Devi, to Mahadevi. Salutation always to Her who is Shakti of Lord Shiva. Salutation to Her who is Prakriti and gentle. With attention, we have made obeisance to Her. 9

Salutation to Her who is formidable/Shakti of Lord Rudra, to Her who is eternal. Salutation to Gauri, who is Jagadhatri. Salutation always to Her who’s is of the form of the moon and moon-light and happiness itself. 10

We bow to Her who is welfare; we make salutations to Her who is prosperity and success. Salutation to the consort of Shiva who is Herself the good fortune as well as misfortune of kings. 11

Salutations always to Durga who takes one across in difficulties, who is essence, who is the authority of everything; who is knowledge of discrimination and to Kalika who is blue-black as also smoke-like in complexion. 12

We prostrate before Her who is both gentle as well as formidable; we salute Her again and again. Salutation to Her who is the support of the world. Salutation to Devi who is the form of volition. 13

Prostrations again and again to Devi who is all-pervading Maya. 14-16

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings as consciousness 17-19

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of intelligence; 20-22

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of slumber; 23-25

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of hunger: 26-28

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of reflection; 29-31

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of energy. 32-34

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of thirst; 35-37

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of forgiveness; 38-40

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of genus; 41-43

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of modesty; 44-46

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of peace; 47-49

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of faith; 50-52

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of loveliness; 53-55

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of good fortune; 56-58

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of activity; 59-61

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of memory; 62-64

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades  all beings in the form of compassion; 65-67

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of contentment; 68-70

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of mother; 71-73

Prostrations again and again to Devi who pervades all beings in the form of error; 74-76

Prostrations again and again Devi who is controller of senses of all beings, governor of all the elements, all-pervading and Shakti of Parabrahman (Lord Shiva); 77

Prostrations again and again to Devi who as Chid-Shakti (Kalika), pervades all worlds. 78-80

Invoked in the year of yore by Devas for accomplishment of their desires, who is worshipped by Indra daily, may She, the Shakti of Parameshvara (Lord Shiva), the source of all good, accomplish for us all auspicious things and redeem us from our distress! 81

Who is now again invoked by we Devas, tormented by arrogant Asuras; who, remembered by us with devotion, may that all-auspicious Parameshvari and destroy our distress.” 82
The sage said: 83

Oh royal scion, while Devas were thus engaged in eulogising, Parvati passed by there to bathe in Jahnavi (Ganga). 84

That fair-complexioned Parvati Devas, “Whom are you praying to?” Then Adya Shakti of Lord Shiva manifested from Parvati’s skin-cells and replied thus: 85

“Defeated by Nisumbha and deposed by Sumbha, Devas are praying to me with this hymn.” 86

Since that Ambika manifested Parvati’s skin-cells (Kosa), She is renowned as Kaushiki in all the worlds. 87

After She had issued forth, Parvati became dark and was called Kalika; She made Himalayas Her abode. 88

Meanwhile, Chanda & Munda, two servants of Sumbha & Nisumbha, saw that Ambika (Kausiki), the pinnacle of beauty. 89
They both informed Sumbha thus: “Your Highness, a woman, pinnacle of beauty, is illuminating Himalayas where She is stationed. 90
Oh Asura lord, such a lovely form has never been seen by anyone. She is definitely consort of a Deva. After enquiring about Her, kindly make Her your queen. 91

A gem among women, of limbs of comely features, illuminating the quarters with Her persona there She is, Oh Daitya lord. You should see Her. 92

Oh Lord, whatever jewels, gem stones, elephants, horses and others there are in the three worlds, they are all now in your possession. 93

Airavata, gem among elephants, has been brought from Indra and so is Parijata tree and the horse Ucchaihsravas. 94

The flying chariot of Brahma, yoked by swans is gem of its own accord and is now parked at your porch. 95

Here is the treasure named Mahapadma brought from Kubera. And the ocean gave a garland named Kinjalkini made of ever-fresh lotuses. 96

In your house stand the gold-showering umbrella of Varuna. And here is the excellent chariot that was formerly Prajapati’s. 97

By you, oh lord, Yama’s spear named Utkrantida has been carried off. The noose of the Varuna is among your brother’s possessions. 98

Nishumbha has every gem produced in the sea. Agni also gave you two garments which are washed by fire. 99

Thus, oh lord of asuras, all gems have been brought by you. Why should that gem among women not be in your possession? 100
The Rishi said: 101

On hearing these words of Chanda & Munda, Sumbha sent Asura Sugriva (not to be confused with the Vanara ally of Lord Ram) as emissary to Devi. He said: 102

“Go and tell Her thus in my words and do the thing in such a manner that She may quickly come to me in love.” 103

He went there where Devi was staying in a very beautiful spot on the mountain and spoke to Her in fine and sweet words. 104
The emissary said: 105

Oh Devi, Sumbha, lord of Asuras, is the sovereign of three worlds. Sent by him as emissary, I have come here to your presence. 106

Hear to what has been said by him whose command is never disobeyed by Devas and who has vanquished all the foes of Asuras: 107

“All the three worlds are mine and Devas are obedient to me. I enjoy all their shares in Yajnas separately. 108

All the choicest gems in the three worlds are in my possession; and so is the gem of elephants, Airavata, the mount of Indra carried away by me. Devas themselves offered me that gem of horses named Ucchaisravas which arose at the churning of milk-ocean as tribute. 109-110

Oh beautiful lady, whatever other rare objects there existed among Devas, the Gandharvas and Nagas are now mine. 111

We look upon you, oh Devi, as the jewel among woman in the world. You, who are such, come to me, since we are the enjoyers of the best objects. 112

Take to me or to my younger brother Nisumbha of great prowess, oh doe-eyed lady, for you are in truth a jewel. 113

Wealth, great and beyond compare, you will get by marrying me. Think over this in your mind, and become my wife.” 114
The sage said: 115

116. Thus told, Jagadhatri Bhadra Bhagavati Durga Devi politely said thus contemptuously. 116
Devi said: 117

“You have spoken truth; nothing false has been uttered by you in this matter. Sumbha is indeed the sovereign of the three worlds and likewise is also Nisumbha. 118

But in this regard, how can I falsify my vow? Hear what vow I took out of foolishness. 119

‘He who conquers me in battle, subdues my pride and is my match is strength in the world shall be my husband.’ 120

So let Sumbha come here then, or Nisumbha, the great Asura. Vanquishing me here, let him soon take my hand in marriage. Why delay?” 121
The emissary said: 122

“Oh Devi, you are haughty. Talk not so before me. Which man in the three worlds can with stand Sumbha and Nisumbha? 123
All Devas verily cannot stand face to face with even other Asuras in battle. Why mention you, oh Devi, a single woman? 124

Indra and all other Devas could not stand in battle against Sumbha and other demons, how will you, a woman, face them? 125

Listen to my wise counsel, go to Sumbha and Nisumbha. Let it not be that you are disgraced being dragged by your hair.” 126
Devi said: 127

Yes, it is; Sumbha is strong and so is valorous Nisumbha! What can I do since there stands my ill-considered vow taken long ago? 128

Go back, and relay to the lord of Asuras my message; let him do whatever he deems fit. 
Thus ends the fifth chapter dealing with Devi’s conversation with the emissary of  Devi Mahatmyah in Markandeya Purana, during the reign of Savarni Manu.
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