Thursday, 1 January 1970

Chapter 1 (Slaying of Madhu-Kaitabha)

Om prostrations to Chandika.

Om. The seer of this first Charitra is Brahma, deity is Mahakali, meter is Gayatri, Shakti is Nanda, Bija is Raktadantika, Tatva is Agni, form is of Rig Veda, for the appeasement of Mahakali, recital of first Charitra is a must.

She who holds sword, discus, mace, arrow, bow, skull-cup, conch-shell, trident, iron-pestle and severed head in Her ten arms; is three-eyed, bejewelled and of bluish complexion of sapphire; has ten faces and ten feet; whom Brahma eulogised for destruction of Asuras Madhu & Kaitabha when Lord Vishnu was engrossed in his Yogic slumber, I meditate upon that Mahakali.

Om prostrations to Chandika

Om Aim Markandeya said: 1

Savarni, son of Surya, who is renowned as the eighth Manu, I am narrating the story of his birth; Listen. 2 
By the grace of Mahamaya that Savarni, the son of Surya became the lord of the eighth Manvantara. 3

In former times during the reign of Svarochisa Manu there was a king named Suratha of the Chaitra dynasty, who ruled over the whole world. 4 
King Suratha protected his subjects duly like his own children. At that time the Yavana kings, the destroyers of Kolas, became his enemies. 5

He, the tormentor of foes, fought a fierce battle with Yavanas, the destroyers of Kolas; although they were outnumbered, but managed to defeat Suratha in battle. 6 
Hence a defeated Suratha returned to his own capital and ruled over his won country. 7

Even in his own city, the king, (now) bereft of strength, was robbed of his treasury and army by his influential, wicked and evil ministers. 8
Thereafter, deprived of his sovereignty, the king left alone on horse-back for a dense forest, under the pretext of hunting. 9

In the forest, he saw a monastery of sage Medhas, which was inhabited by wild animals which were peaceful, and graced by the disciples of the sage. 10
Impressed by the sage’s hospitality, Suratha spent some time moving about in the hermitage of the great sage. 11

There overcome with attachment, he thought, ‘I do not know whether the capital guarded by my ancestors and deserted by me is being guarded properly or not by my wicked ministers. 12-13 
I do not know whether my chief elephant, heroic and always elated, and now in possession of my foes, is getting proper food or not. 13-14 
Those who were my constant followers and received favor, sallary and food from me, now certainly serving other kings. 14-15 
The treasure which I gathered with my hard work will be squandered by those wicked ministers, who are addicted to unnecessary expenditures. 15-16

Oh intelligent one! That king was continually thinking of these and other things for a long period, when he saw a merchant near the monastery. 16-17 
The King asked him: “Oh gentle one! Who are you? What is the purpose of your arrival and why do you seem grief-stricken and depressed?” 17-18 
Upon hearing the soft-spoken king, the merchant replied thus. 18-19 
The merchant said: 20

“I am a merchant named Samadhi, born in a wealthy family. My wicked wife and sons have banished me from my home because of their greed for my wealth. 21-22 
My wife and sons have overspent my riches, and left me bankrupt. Abandoned by my trusted kinsmen, I have come to the forest grief-stricken. 22-23 
Dwelling here, I unknown of anything as regards good of bad of my sons, kinsmen and wife. 23-24
At present is welfare or ill-luck theirs at home? How are they? Are my sons living good or evil lives?” 24-25 
The king said: 26

“those greedy folk, your sons, wife and others, who have abandoned you, why is your mind affectionately attached them?” 27-28
The merchant said: 29

“What you have said about me, is true. But what can I do? My mind does not become cruel. Those greedy people who abandoning love for a father and attachment to one’s husband and kinsmen and banished me, my mind is still affectionate towards them. 30-32
Oh sir, I am unable to understand how it is that the mind is prone to love those wicked kinsmen. 32-33
On account of them I heave heavy sighs and feel dejected. What can I do since my mind does not become cruel towards those unloving ones.” 33-34
Markandeya said: 35

Then, Oh intelligent one! The merchant Samadhi and the king together approached sage Medha. 36-37 
After paying due honour worthy of the sage, they sat down and put forth questions on some topics. 37-38 
The king said: 39

“My lord, I wish to ask you one thing. Be pleased to reply to it. 40
Oh great sage! My mind isn’t in my control and afflicted with attachment, which is the source of my sorrow- I know that. Though I have lost the kingdom, like an ignorant man, I have an attachment to all the paraphernalia of my kingdom. What is the reason of this? 41-42 
And this merchant has been banished by this children, wife and kinsmen; still he is inordinately affectionate towards them. 42-43
Thus both he and I, drawn by attachment towards objects whose defects we do know, are exceedingly unhappy. 43-44
How this happens, then, sir, that though we are aware of it, this delusion comes? This delusion besets me as well as him, blinded as we are in respect of discrimination.” 44-45
The sage said: 46

“Oh king, every being has the knowledge of objects perceivable by the senses. And object of sense reaches it in various ways. 47-48 
Some beings like owls are blind by day, and others like crows are blind by night; some beings like earthworms are blind both by day and night, and others like cats and demons have equal sight both by day and night. 48-49
Human beings are certainly endowed with knowledge, but they are not the only beings ones, for cattle, birds, animals and other creatures also have basic knowledge. 49-50

The knowledge that men have, birds and beasts too have; and what they have men also possess; and the rest (like eating and sleeping) is common to both of them. 50-51 
Look at these birds, which though they possess knowledge, and are themselves distressed by hunger are yet, because of the delusion, engaged in dropping grains into the beaks of their young ones. 51-52
O tiger among men! Human beings are attached to their children because of greed for return help. Do you not see this? 52-53
Even so men are hurled into the whirlpool of attachment, the pit of delusion, through the power of Mahamaya, the creatrix of world. 53-54 
This Mahamaya subjects Vishnu, the Lord of the world, to the Yogic slumber. It is by Her the Jivas are deluded. 54-55
Verily this Bhagavati, the Mahamaya forcibly drawing the minds of even the wise, throws them into delusion. 55-56
She creates this entire universe, both moving and unmoving. It is She who, when appeased, bestows boons upon human beings for Moksha. 56-57
She is Brahmavidya personified, the cause of Moksha, and eternal; She is the cause of the bondage of transmigration and the sovereign over all lords.” 57-58
The king said: 59

“My lord, who is that Devi whom you call Mahamaya? How did She come into being, and what is Her sphere of action? 60-61
What constitutes Her nature? What is Her form? Wherefrom did She originate? All that I wish to hear from you, Oh great Brahmavidvan.” 61-62 
The sage said: 63

“She is eternal, embodied as the universe. By Her all this is pervaded. Nevertheless She manifests in manifold ways; hear it from me. 64-65
When She manifests to accomplish the purposes of Devas, She is said to be born in the world, though She is eternal. 65-66
At the end of a Kalpa when the universe was one ocean, Lord Vishnu reclined on Shesa and fall into a Yogic slumber. 66-67
Then, two terrible Asuras, renowned as Madhu and Kaitabha, were born of the ear wax of Vishnu’s ears and sought to slay Brahma. 67-68
Prajapati Brahma, who was born of a lotus that sprout from Vishnu’s navel, saw those two fierce Asuras and Vishnu asleep. Hence, with a view to awakening Hari, Brahma  extolled Yoganidra, dwelling in Hari’s eyes. The resplendent Brahma eulogised that incomparable Vishveshvari Jagadhatri, the creatrix, sustainer and destructrix of the universe; that Bhagavati, who subjects Vishnu to Yogic slumber, Brahma praised Her thus. 68-71

Brahma said: 72
“You are Svaha and Svadha, the nourisher of Devas and Pitris. You are verily the Vasatkara, which summons deities and immortality. Oh Kalike! You are Omkara and Pranava. 73-74
You are incomprehensible, both devoid as well as endowed with form and transcendental. Oh Devi, you are the personification of Gayatri Mantra, eternal and progenitrix of all Devas. 74-75

By you this universe is borne, by you this world is created. By you it is sustained, Oh Devi and you always destroys it at the end. 75-76
You are the form of world, at the time of creation you are Sarasvati, at the time of sustentation you are Lakshmi, and at the time of the dissolution of the world, you are Kalaratri. 76-77
You are the ten Mahavidyas as well as Mahamaya, the great intellect and contemplation, as also the great delusion, all good as also all evil. 77-78
You are Trigunatmika Prakriti. You are Kalaratri, Maharatri and the formidable Moharatri. 78-79
You are Sri Vidya, the Shakti of Parameshvara (Lord Shiva), Hrim Bija personified, intelligence characterized by knowledge, bashfulness, nourishment, contentment, tranquility and forbearance.79-80
 Oh formidable Durga, armed with sword, trident, club, discus, conch, bow, arrows, pestle and wine-cup. 80-81
You are benevolent, more pleasing than all the pleasing and pinnacle of beauty. You are Supreme, transcendental and indeed The Supreme Mother Goddess. 81-82

And whatever of wherever a thing exists, real or illusion, whatever power all that possesses is yourself. Oh you who are the soul of everything, how can I extol you? 82-83
You, who creates as Brahma, sustains as Vishnu and annihilates as Rudra, have subjected Lord Vishnu to a deep slumber. Thus, who is here capable of eulogising you? 83-84
Who is capable of praising you, who pervades Vishnu, I and Rudra? 84-85
Oh Devi, being lauded thus, enchant these two wicked Asuras Madhu and Kaitabha with your superior powers. 85-86
Let Vishnu, the Master of the world, be quickly awakened from sleep and rouse up his nature to slay these two great asuras.” 86-87
The sage said: 88

There, that Mahamaya, extolled thus by Brahma, the creator, in order to awaken Vishnu from his Yogic slumber for the destruction of Madhu and Kaitabha, withdrew Herself out from Vishnu’s eyes, mouth, nostrils, arms, heart and chest, and appeared in the sight of Brahma of inscrutable birth. 89-91
Janardana, Lord of the universe, freed by Her spell, rose up from his couch on the universal ocean, and saw those two wicked Asuras, Madhu and Kaitabha, of great valour and strength, with eyes blood-shot in anger, eager to devour Brahma. 91-93
Thereupon the all-pervading Lord Vishnu got up and wrestled with those Asuras for five thousand years. 93-94
And they, frenzied with pride of their strength and deluded by Mahamaya, exclaimed to Vishnu, “Ask a boon from us.” 94-95 
Lord said: 96

“If you are satisfied with my valour, then let your death be at my hands. There is no  need of any other boon. My choice is this much indeed.” 97-98 
The sage said: 99

Those two Asuras, thus enchanted by Mahamaya, gazing then at the entire world turned into water, told the lotus eyed Lord, “Slay us at the spot where the earth is not flooded with water.” 100-101
The Rishi said: 102

Saying “Be it so”, Lord Vishnu armed with conch, discus and mace, took them on his lap and severed their heads with his discus. 103
Thus Mahamaya Herself appeared when praised by Brahma. Now listen again the glory of this Devi, who manifested once again; listen. 104
Thus ends the first chapter dealing with the slaying of Madhu and Kaitabha, of Devi Mahatmyah in Markandeya Purana, during the reign of Savarni Manu.
Post a Comment